The National Parks have an important role to play in managing the water environment. In upland areas, schemes to re-wet moorland contribute to regulating the flow of water and reducing the likelihood and severity of floods. Careful management of the land means National Parks are a source of high quality drinking water for millions of people. The lakes, rivers and Broads are rich in wildlife and provide excellent opportunities for recreation. However they are also vulnerable to threats such as over-abstraction, flooding, drought, pollution and invasive species.
The Water White Paper published by Government seeks to protect rivers, streams and lakes from pollution and unsustainable abstraction. The National Park Authorities (NPAs) in England aspire to work with landowners, Government, water companies and others to ensure National Parks can continue to provide clean water which is valued by society, and to reduce flood risk. This will require increased understanding that how land and water is managed inside the National Parks influences water quality and flood risk for millions of people living down-stream beyond their boundaries.